Vaccination and Travel Information for Algeria

ALGERIA

 Information current as at:  February 2009 The D2 Medical centre No 1 Fitzwilliam street dublin 2   ph  6314500. The experts in travel vaccines dublin 2


Climate: Summer temperatures are high throughout the country, particularly in the south where it is both very dry and very hot. During this time air and road are prone to delay because of sandstorms. Northern cities have high humidity, while those along the coast are cooled by sea breezes.

In the winter, the oases of the far south are pleasant and attract many visitors. The desert temperature drops dramatically at night. North of the Sahara, temperatures are very mild from September to May and vary little between day and night. South of the Sahara, temperatures are pleasant from October to April, but there are great variations between day and night. Coastal towns are prone to storms from the sea. Rainfall is relatively low throughout the country and in the far south it is virtually unknown.
Capital City: Algiers
Altitude: 30 metres above sea level
Main Cities: Annaba, Blida, Constantine, Oran
Population: 31,193,917
Land Area (sq km): 2,381,740
Currency: 1 Algerian dinar (DA) = 100 centimes
Languages: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
Religions: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%
Economy: petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products


The D2 Medical advises all travellers

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.
HEPATITIS 'A' This is the most vaccine preventable disease for travellers. Strongly recommended but not compulsory for all travellers to this area.
HEPATITIS 'B' Immunisation is strongly recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.
MENINGO-COCCAL MENINGITIS There is no significant risk of the disease, currently. Immunisation is not routinely recommended.
POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.

RABIES Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in rural or remote areas for 1 month or more at a time.
TUBERCULOSIS (TB Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt.
TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.
TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is recommended.
YELLOW FEVER A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from infected areas ( see * below).

World Health Organization
The following countries and areas are regarded as Yellow Fever infected areas

Africa: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan (south of 15°N), Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia.
America: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.





Malaria risk is limited primarily to the remote oases in the Sahara region of Adrar, Ouargla, and Tamanghasset Provinces from July until November. P. vivax accounts for over 90% of cases, with occasional cases reported as being P. malariae. There is no recommended medical prophylaxis for travel to this country. .

General Advice on Mosquito Prevention.
Malaria is transmitted by mosquito bite, so recommend all travellers to the country to:

  • cover exposed skin after dusk when they are at most risk for getting bitten
  • use insect repellent with DEET in it.
  • return before dusk from country areas where malarial mosquitoes are the most active
  • sleep in screened room or use a bed net, remembering to tuck in the edges & spray inside.
  • sleep in air conditioned rooms or rooms with fans. Vapour pads and smoke coils also help. Insect buzzers are useless.




GENERAL
Hospitals and clinics in Algeria are available, but the standard of care will generally not be that experienced in ireland. Medical staff will most likely be unable to communicate in English. Immediate ambulance service may not be available, especially outside of urban areas. Doctors and hospitals expect immediate cash payment for health care services. Travellers should bring with them a full supply of medications that are needed on a regular basis.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit. Check for any exclusions that are part of the policy, and keep in mind that many insurance policies have terrorism exclusion clauses. The D2 Medical recommends that the policy also provide 24-hour access to an assistance centre that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care, and determine if air ambulance services are required.

                                                                                                                                                DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

 

MALARIA MAP OR ALGERIA

Yellow Fever Hotspots in Africa
 


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