Vaccination and Travel Information for Azerbaijan

AZERBAIJAN

 Information current as at:  February 2009 by The D2 Medical centre No 1 fitwilliam street upper Dublin 2 ph 6314500. The experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2.


Climate: The climate varies from subtropical and dry in central and eastern parts of the country, to subtropical and humid in the southeast, temperate along the shores of the Caspian Sea, and cold at the higher mountain elevations. Baku, on the Caspian, enjoys mild weather, averaging 4° C in January and 25° C in July. Because most of Azerbaijan receives scant rainfall (on average 152 to 254 millimeters annually) agricultural areas require irrigation. Heaviest precipitation occurs in the highest elevations of the Caucasus and in the Lenkoran Lowlands in the far southeast, where the yearly average exceeds 1,000 millimeters.
Capital City: Baku
Altitude: At sea level
Main Cities: Astara, Laki, Gyandzha, Xacmaz
Population: 7,748,163
Land Area (sq km): 2,013
Currency: 1 manat = 100 gopiks
Languages: Azeri 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6%
Religions: Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.) note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower
Economy: Oil and gas, machinery, cotton, foodstuffs



 The D2 Medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.
HEPATITIS 'A' Immunisation is strongly recommended but not compulsory
HEPATITIS ‘B’ Immunisation is strongly recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.

POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.


RABIES Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be staying in rural areas for 1 month or more.

TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not routinely recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt, and this is recommended pre- and post- travel for those going to ‘at risk’ regions.

TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be living in rural areas for 1 month or more, and for adventure and low budget travellers.

YELLOW FEVER No vaccination requirements for any international traveller.




Malaria risk, exclusively the vivax form, exists during the summer in southern lowland areas of Azerbaijan, as well as in the Khachmas region in the north. Sporadic cases have also been reported in the Baku suburbs.
Rx • A weekly dose of 300mg of chloroquine is the recommended prophylaxis for risk areas only.


 

General Advice on Mosquito Prevention.
Malaria is transmitted by mosquito bite, so recommend all travellers to the country to:

  • cover exposed skin after dusk when they are at most risk for getting bitten
  • use insect repellent with DEET in it.
  • return before dusk from country areas where malarial mosquitoes are the most active
  • sleep in screened room or use a bed net, remembering to tuck in the edges & spray inside.
  • sleep in air conditioned rooms or rooms with fans. Vapour pads and smoke coils also help. Insect buzzers are useless.

                                                                                                                                                      DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

 

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