Vaccination and Travel Information for Albania

ALBANIA

 Information current as at:  February 2009 The D2 medical centre no 1 Fitzwilliam street Dublin 2 ph 6314500 The experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2


Climate: Temperate climate with warm and dry periods from June to September, cool and wet from October to May. April/May/June and mid-September to mid-October are the best months for visits.

Temperatures in Tirana: summer; 25-32 ° C and winter 7-12 ° C.
Capital City: Tirana
Altitude: 60 metres
Main Cities: Durres, Elbasan, Korce, Vlore
Population: 3,544,841 (July 2002 est.)
Land Area (sq km): 28,748
Currency: Lek = 100 qintars
Languages: Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect), Greek
Religions: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%
Economy: Textiles and footwear; asphalt, metals and metallic ores, crude oil; vegetables, fruits, tobacco

The D2 Medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.
HEPATITIS 'A' Immunisation is strongly recommended but not compulsory.

HEPATITIS ‘B’ Immunisation is strongly recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.

POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.

RABIES Immunisation is neither required nor routinely recommended for travellers, unless there is to be significant remote travel to rural areas or the traveller works with animals at risk for the disease.

TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt.
TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.
TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is strongly recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.

YELLOW FEVER Immunisation is not required for travel to this country alone.




Malaria is not present in any area of this country




GENERAL
Medical facilities and capabilities are limited beyond rudimentary first aid treatment. Emergency and major medical care requiring surgery and hospital care is inadequate due to lack of specialists, diagnostic aids, medical supplies, and prescription drugs. As prescription drugs may be unavailable locally, travellers may also wish to bring extra supplies of required medications. Medicines and basic medical supplies are largely obtainable in privately owned pharmacies. Hospitals usually require payment in cash for all services. Some medicines are in short supply in public hospitals and clinics.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit. Check for any exclusions that are part of the policy, and keep in mind that many insurance policies have terrorism exclusion clauses. The D2 medical recommends that the policy also provide 24-hour access to an assistance centre that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care, and determine if air ambulance services are required.
for large, unmarked potholes. We suggest using four-wheel drive vehicles in Albania.
 

                                                                                                                                                                              DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

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