Vaccination and Travel Information for Angola

ANGOLA

 Information current as at:  February 2009 by The D2 Medical centre No 1 Fitzwilliam street upper Dublin 2 ph 6314500. The Experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2.


Climate: The northern part of the country is hot and wet during summer months (November to April). Winters are slightly cooler and mainly dry. The south is hot throughout most of the year with a slight decrease in temperature in winter (May to October).
Capital City: Luanda
Altitude: 10 metres above sea level
Main Cities: Huambo
Population: 10,674,000
Land Area (sq km): 1,246,700
Currency: 1 new kwanza = 100 lwei
Languages: Portuguese, Bantu
Religions: Roman Catholic, Animist
Economy: Farming of coffee, maize, cotton. Minerals, oil, diamonds



 The D2 Medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor routinely recommended
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.
HEPATITIS 'A' This is the most vaccine preventable disease for travellers. Strongly recommended but not compulsory for all travellers to this area.

HEPATITIS 'B' Immunisation is strongly recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.

MENINGO-COCCAL MENINGITIS There is no significant risk of the disease, currently. Immunisation is not routinely recommended.
POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.

RABIES Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in rural or remote areas for 1 month or more at a time.


TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt.
Tuberculosis is endemic in this country.

TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.
TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is recommended.


YELLOW FEVER A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from infected areas ( see * below ). Travellers are strongly recommended to be immunised,

* World Health Organization:
The following countries and areas are regarded as Yellow Fever infected areas:

Africa: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan (south of 15°N), Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia.
America: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.




Risk is present year-round throughout this country, including urban areas and the enclave of Cabinda. P. falciparum resistant to chloroquine and sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine reported.

 

General Advice on Mosquito Prevention.
Malaria is transmitted by mosquito bite, so recommend all travellers to the country to:

  • cover exposed skin after dusk when they are at most risk for getting bitten
  • use insect repellent with DEET in it.
  • return before dusk from country areas where malarial mosquitoes are the most active
  • sleep in screened room or use a bed net, remembering to tuck in the edges & spray inside.
  • sleep in air conditioned rooms or rooms with fans. Vapour pads and smoke coils also help. Insect buzzers are useless.




GENERAL
Adequate medical facilities are virtually non-existent throughout Angola, except in Luanda, where good private clinics can be found: which may have a 24-hour service under a general practitioner physician and all kinds of specialists on call. Many types of medicine and medical care are not available. Chloroquine-resistant and cerebral malaria are endemic to the region.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit.

                                                                                                                                                                          DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

Yellow Fever Hotspots in Africa

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Make sure to book an appointment with us at least 4 weeks before you travel.

Contact clinic: 01-6314500

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