Vaccination and Travel Information for Argentina

ARGENTINA

 Information current as at:  February 2009 by The D2 Medical Centre No 1 fitzwilliam Street Upper dublin 2 ph 6314500. The experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2.


Climate: Four kinds of climate 1) Warm: found in the north-eastern angle of Argentina. Due to the decrease of the oceanic influence towards the west and to the modifications of the mountainous relief, there are three varieties of this kind of climate: sub-tropical without dry season, sub-tropical with dry season and sub-tropical of the sierras. 2) Mild: The amount and distribution of rainfalls determine two varieties of mild climate: to east, the "Pampeano" (of Pampa) or humid and to west, there is a transition band towards arid climate. The average temperature is 15º C. 3) Cold: There are two kinds: the humid or oceanic cold, with an average temperature of around 7º C, and the nival cold prevailing in Antarctica. 4) Arid: According to the altitude and latitude, this climate shows four varieties: "high-mountain" arid, with a temperature depending on altitude; "sierras-and-fields"" arid with an average temperature of about 18º C; the "steppe" arid, with an average temperature of around 15º C and presenting frequent frosts, which occur even in summer; and cold arid, with an average temperature of about 10º C, a fairly wide thermal range and frosts occurring the whole year.
Capital City: Buenos Aires
Altitude: 30 metres
Main Cities: Córdoba, Mar del Plata, Mendoza, Rosario, Ushuaia
Population: 37,812,817 (July 2002 est.)
Land Area (sq km): 2,766,890
Currency: 1 peso
Languages: Spanish
Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant
Economy: Farming ( beef, mutton, wool ), grain, soybeans, cotton



The D2 Medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.
HEPATITIS 'A' Immunisation is strongly recommended but not compulsory.
HEPATITIS 'B' Immunisation is strongly recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.

POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.


RABIES Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be living in rural areas for 1 month or more.

TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt.
TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.
TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is recommended for travel to rural areas for a month or more at a time.


YELLOW FEVER Immunisation is not required for travel to this country alone.

* World Health Organization:
The following countries and areas are regarded as Yellow Fever infected areas:

Africa: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan (south of 15°N), Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia.
America: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.




Malaria risk, exclusively due to P. vivax, is low and confined to rural areas below 1,300 metres along the borders with Bolivia (lowlands of Jujuy and Salta provinces) and with Paraguay (lowlands of Corrientes and Misiones provinces). Vivax malaria accounts for virtually 100% of cases.

YELLOW FEVER MAP


 

General Advice on Mosquito Prevention.

  • use insect repellent with DEET in it.
  • return before dusk from country areas where malarial mosquitoes are the most active
  • sleep in screened room or use a bed net, remembering to tuck in the edges & spray inside.
  • sleep in air conditioned rooms or rooms with fans. Vapour pads and smoke coils also help. Insect buzzers are useless.




GENERAL
Medical care in Buenos Aires is generally good, but it varies in quality outside the capital, particularly in remote areas. Serious medical problems requiring hospitalisation and/or medical evacuation can cost thousands of dollars. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services. Comprehensive travel and medical insurance is recommended.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit.

INSECT REPELLENT
We recommend travellers to take their own supply of insect repellent.

                                                                                                                                                                                              DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

MALARIA MAP ARGENTINA


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