Vaccination and Travel Information for Bahrain

BAHRAIN

 Information current as at:  February 2009 by The D2 Medical centre No 1 fitzwilliam street upper Dublin 2 Ph 6314500. The experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2.


Climate: June-October, hot and humid (42°C), December to April, mild (10°-20°C). December through to March can be quite cool. Rainfall is slight and occurs mainly in winter. Spring and Autumn are the most pleasant months.
Capital City: Manama
Altitude: At sea level
Main Cities: Al Muharraq, Awali, Jidd Hafs
Population: 656,397
Land Area (sq km): 665
Currency: Bahraini dinar (BHD)
Languages: Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
Religions: Shi'a Muslim 70%, Sunni Muslim 30%
Economy: petroleum and petroleum products, aluminum, textiles



 The D2 Medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.
HEPATITIS 'A' Immunisation is strongly recommended but not compulsory.


HEPATITIS ‘B’ Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.


MENINGOCOCCAL MENINGITIS Immunisation for travel to the region is not required; however it is required for all visitors to Saudi Arabia for the Hajj and Umra. A certificate of immunisation is required issued not more than 3 years and not less than 10 days before date of arrival.
POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.


RABIES Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.
TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not routinely recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt, and this is recommended pre- and post- travel for those going to ‘at risk’ regions.

TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be living in rural areas for 1 month or more.

YELLOW FEVER No vaccination requirements for any international traveller.




Malaria is not present in any area of this country.




GENERAL
Basic modern medical care and medicines are available in several hospitals and health centres in Bahrain. Two government hospitals, several private hospitals, and numerous private clinics located throughout the country offer a wide range of medical services. Cardiac care, general surgery, internal medicine, obstetrics, gynaecology, paediatrics, orthopaedics and dentistry services are readily available, as are x-rays, CT-scan and MRI testing. The government hospitals both house trauma and ICU unites. Pharmacies are common throughout Bahrain, and carry a wide range of medications. Prescriptions are not normally required.

Payment at all medical facilities is due at the time of service. Some hospitals have limited direct billing capability for certain insurance carriers. Billing and insurance practices vary among the medical facilities. Visitors are recommended to carry original identity documents ( such as passport ) at all times, as photocopies may not be accepted.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit. Check for any exclusions that are part of the policy, and keep in mind that many insurance policies have terrorism exclusion clauses. The D2 Medical recommends that the policy also provide 24-hour access to an assistance centre that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care.

                                                                                                                                                                     DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

 

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