Vaccination and Travel Information for Cyprus

CYPRUS

 Information current as at: February 2009 by The D2 Medical centre No 1 fitzwilliam Street Upper Dublin 2. The experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2.


Climate: A Mediterranean climate, the country is warm most of the year. The hottest months are between July and September. Hot, dry summers with mild winters during which rainfall is most likely.

Nicosia temperature ranges from 5 to 15° Celsius in winter to 20-35 ° Celsius in the summer months.
Capital City: Nicosia
Altitude: 140 metres above sea level
Main Cities: Greek: Larnaca, Paphos Turkish: Kyrenia, Morphou
Population: 767,314 (July 2002 est.)
Land Area (sq km): 9,250 sq km (3,355 in the Turkish Cypriot area)
Currency: Cypriot pound (CYP); Turkish lira (TRL)
Languages: Greek, Turkish, English
Religions: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and other 4%
Economy: Citrus, potatoes, grapes, wine, cement, clothing and shoes



The D2 Medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

HEPATITIS 'A' Immunisation is generally recommended for travellers to the region, but not compulsory.

HEPATITIS ‘B’ Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.


POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.


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RABIES Rabies has never been reported in Cyprus.
TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not routinely recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt, and this is recommended pre- and post- travel for those going to ‘at risk’ regions.
TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

TYPHOID FEVER Whilst the disease is reported, at a low frequency, immunisation is neither routinely required nor recommended; unless in a rural region for a month or more.
YELLOW FEVER No vaccination requirements for any international traveller




Malaria is not present in any area of this country.




GENERAL
Medical care is available at a combination of government hospitals and private clinics. Many of the private-sector doctors have been trained in the United Kingdom or the United States. Medical supplies are often expensive. Additionally, most ambulances are unable to provide medical care en route to the hospital.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit. Check for any exclusions that are part of the policy, and keep in mind that many insurance policies have terrorism exclusion clauses. The D2 Medical recommends that the policy also provide 24-hour access to an assistance centre that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care, and determine if air ambulance services are required.


                                                                                                                       DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

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