Vaccination and Travel Information for Denmark

DENMARK

 Information current as at:  February 2009 by The D2 Medical centre No 1 Fitzwilliam Street upper Dublin 2 Ph 6314500. The experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2.


Climate: Summer extends from June through until August, winter from December to March and is wet with long periods of frost. February is the coldest month. Spring and autumn are generally mild.

The Faroe Islands are under the influence of the warm current of the Gulf Stream, and they enjoy a very mild climate for the latitude. Winters are warm, but the islands are cloudy, windy and wet throughout the year. Summers are cool, but with little sunshine.

Copenhagen temperature ranges from -3 to 3 ° Celsius in winter to 13-23 ° Celsius in the summer months.
Capital City: Copenhagen
Altitude: At sea level
Main Cities: Alborg, Arhus, Esbjerg, Odense
Population: 5 397 640 (January 2004)
Land Area (sq km): 43,094
Currency: 1 Danish krone (DKr) = 100 oere
Languages: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), note: English is
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 97%, other Protestant and Roman
Economy: Machinery and instruments, meat products, fuels, dairy



The D2 Medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

HEPATITIS 'A' Immunisation is recommended but not compulsory.


HEPATITIS 'B' Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.


POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.



RABIES Immunisation is neither required nor routinely recommended. No Human rabies cases reported since at least 1989.


TICK BORNE ENCEPHALITIS Immunisation is not compulsory, but is recommended for travellers to rural forested regions for 2-3 weeks or more.


TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not routinely recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt, and this is recommended pre- and post- travel for those going to ‘at risk’ regions.


TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is neither required nor routinely recommended.
YELLOW FEVER No vaccination requirements for any international traveller.




Malaria is not present in any area of this country.




GENERAL
Excellent medical facilities are widely available in Denmark. In Greenland and the Faeroe Islands, medical facilities are limited and evacuation is required for serious illness and injury. Although emergency medical treatment is free of charge, the patient is charged for follow-up care. The standard of medical care is generally excellent. We strongly recommend that all travellers take out adequate comprehensive insurance.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit. Check for any exclusions that are part of the policy, and keep in mind that many insurance policies have terrorism exclusion clauses. The D2 Medical recommends that the policy also provide 24-hour access to an assistance centre that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care, and determine if air ambulance services are required.

                                                                                                                          DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

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