Vaccination and Travel Information for Finland

FINLAND

 Information current as at:  February 2009 by The D2 Medical centre No 1 fitzwilliam Street upper Dublin 2 Ph 6314500. The experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2. Finland photo


Climate: Climate: Temperate climate, but with considerable temperature variations. Summer is warm with relatively mild weather in spring and autumn. Winter, which lasts from November to mid March, is very cold. In the north, the snow cover lasts from mid October until mid May, but, in the brief Arctic summer, there may be up to 16 hours of sunshine a day. Rainfall is distributed throughout the year with snow in winter, but the low humidity often has the effect of making it seem warmer than the temperature would indicate (even in Lapland the temperature can rise to over 30°C). The Twilight season lasts for two months in the north during winter.

Helsinki temperature ranges from -10 to -5 ° Celsius in winter to 12-22 ° Celsius in the summer months.
Capital City: Helsinki
Altitude: 20 metres above sea level
Main Cities: Espoo, Tampere, Turku
Population: 5 219 732 (Dec 2003)
Land Area (sq km): 337,030
Currency: Currency now in use = Euro, as of 1.1.2002
Languages: Finnish 93.4% (official), Swedish 5.9% (official), small Lapp- and Russian-speaking minorities
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 89%, Russian Orthodox 1%, none 9%, other 1%
Economy: Machinery, chemicals, metals; timber, paper, pulp



The D2 Medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

HEPATITIS 'A' Immunisation is recommended but not compulsory.


HEPATITIS 'B' Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.


POLIO I Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.



RABIES Immunisation is neither required nor routinely recommended. Immunisation may be advisable for travellers who will be living in remote rural areas for 1 month or more. No Human rabies cases reported since at least 1988.


TICK BORNE ENCEPHALITIS Immunisation is not compulsory, but is recommended for travellers to rural forested regions for 2-3 weeks or more.


TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not routinely recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt, and this is recommended pre- and post- travel for those going to ‘at risk’ regions.


TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is neither required nor routinely recommended.
YELLOW FEVER No vaccination requirements for any international traveller.




Malaria is not present in any area of this country.




GENERAL
Medical facilities are widely available in Finland, for emergency services. The public hospital system and many private hospitals honour foreign credit cards. The standard of medical care is excellent in Finland, but visitors to remote areas should consider the relative inaccessibility of the emergency services. We strongly recommend that all travellers take out adequate comprehensive insurance.

Finland, and in particular the north of the country, does get affected by severe cold weather during the winter months. Temperatures can be extremely low and if you visit in winter you should come prepared for these harsh conditions.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit. Check for any exclusions that are part of the policy, and keep in mind that many insurance policies have terrorism exclusion clauses. The D2 Medical recommends that the policy also provide 24-hour access to an assistance centre that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care, and determine if air ambulance services are required.

                                                                                                                                                                   DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR


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