Vaccination and Travel Information for Malta

MALTA

 Information current as at:  February 2009 by The D2 Medical centre No1 Fitzwilliam Street Upper Dublin 2 ph 6314500. Th experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2.


Climate: A Mediterranean climate, the country is warm most of the year. The hottest months are between July and September, but the heat is tempered by cooling sea breezes. Rain falls for very short periods, mainly in the cooler winter months.

Valetta temperature ranges from 10 to 15° Celsius in winter to 22-30 ° Celsius in the summer months.
Capital City: Valletta
Altitude: 70 metres above sea level
Main Cities: Dingli, Qrendi, Zejtun
Population: 397,499 (July 2002 est.)
Land Area (sq km): 316
Currency: Maltese Lira
Languages: Maltese (official), English (official)
Religions: Roman Catholic 98%
Economy: Tourism, electronics, food and beverages, textiles, footwear, clothing, tobacco



 The D2 medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

HEPATITIS 'A' Immunisation is generally recommended for travellers to the region, but not compulsory.


HEPATITIS ‘B’ Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.


POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.



RABIES Rabies is neither recommended nor routinely advised.
TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not routinely recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt, and this is recommended pre- and post- travel for those going to ‘at risk’ regions.


TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is neither routinely required nor recommended.
YELLOW FEVER No vaccination requirements for any international traveller




Malaria is not present in any area of this country.




GENERAL
Medical care is available through the public and private hospital systems. The service at the public hospitals is not always up to the standards of private hospitals, however. In addition, most of the best doctors are found in the private medical facilities.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit. Check for any exclusions that are part of the policy, and keep in mind that many insurance policies have terrorism exclusion clauses. The D2 medical recommends that the policy also provide 24-hour access to an assistance centre that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care, and determine if air ambulance services are required.
                                                                                                                                                              DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

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