Vaccination and Travel Information for Slovenia

SLOVENIA

 Information current as at:  February 2009 by The D2 Medical center No1 Fitzwilliam Street Upper Dublin 2 ph 6314500. The experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2.


Climate: Slovenia has a diverse climate. Four main regions can be distinguished. The Alpine region is characterised by alpine climate with over 2500 mm of precipitation, more than half as snow. The central part enjoys a temperate sub-alpine climate with quite hot summers (average hot month temperatures are around 18-20 °C), well sunshine records and an average of 120 rainy days (annual precipitation 1300-1600 mm). The coastal part of Slovenia has a Mediterranean climate with warm to hot and dry summers, mild winters and abundant sunshine. The eastern part of Slovenia is characterised by a moderate continental climate with average air temperatures from 8 °C and an annual temperature around 23 °C.
Capital City: Ljubljana
Altitude: 320m metres above sea level
Main Cities: Celie, Koper ( Capodistra ), Kranj, Maribor, Kranj
Population: 1,927,593
Land Area (sq km): 20,253
Currency: Tolar = 100 stotins
Languages: Slovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian 6%, other 3%
Religions: Roman Catholic 70.8% (including Uniate 2%), Lutheran 1%, Muslim 1%, atheist 4.3%, other 22.9%
Economy: Manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, food product



The D2 Medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

HEPATITIS 'A' Immunisation is recommended but not compulsory.


HEPATITIS ‘B’ Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.


POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.



RABIES Immunisation is neither required nor routinely recommended for travellers, unless there is to be significant remote travel to rural areas or the traveller works with animals at risk for the disease.


TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt.
TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be living in rural areas for 1 month or more.


YELLOW FEVER Immunisation is not required for travel to this country alone.




Malaria is not present in any area of this country.




GENERAL
Health facilities in Slovenia are of Western calibre. Some medicines are in short supply in public hospitals and clinics. The number of private medical and dental practitioners is substantial, and private pharmacies stock a variety of medicines not readily available through public health facilities. Slovenian health care facilities, doctors and hospitals may expect immediate cash payment for health services.

Uninsured travellers who require medical care overseas may face extreme difficulties, whereas travellers who have purchased overseas medical insurance have found it to be life-saving when a medical emergency has occurred.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit. Check for any exclusions that are part of the policy, and keep in mind that many insurance policies have terrorism exclusion clauses. The D2 Medical recommends that the policy also provide 24-hour access to an assistance centre that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care, and determine if air ambulance services are required.
                                                                                                                                              DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

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