Vaccination and Travel Information for Senegal

SENEGAL

 Information current as at:  February 2009 by The D2 Medical centre No1 Fitzwilliam Street Upper Dublin 2 ph 6314500. The experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2.  


Climate: Senegal is favoured by a warm climate. The dry season runs from December through to April/May with cool trade winds in coastal areas. From May to November there is a hot monsoon wind blows from the south bringing the rainy season and hot, humid weather.

Rainfall is heaviest in Casamance and in the southeast and only slight in the Sahelian region in the north and northeast, where temperatures tend to be higher.
Capital City: Dakar
Altitude: 20 metres above sea level
Main Cities: Thies, Kaolack
Population: 9,987,494
Land Area (sq km): 196,190
Currency: 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
Languages: French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Religions: Muslim 92%, indigenous beliefs 6%, Christian 2%
Economy: Agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, ground nuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton



The D2 Medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

HEPATITIS 'A' This is the most vaccine preventable disease for travellers. Strongly recommended but not compulsory for travel to this area.

HEPATITIS 'B' Immunisation is strongly recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.

MENINGO-COCCAL MENINGITIS There is current significant risk of the disease. Immunisation is recommended.

POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.



RABIES Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in rural or remote areas for 1 month or more at a time.

TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt.

TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is recommended.
YELLOW FEVER A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers coming from endemic areas ( see * below )

* World Health Organization:
The following countries and areas are regarded as Yellow Fever infected areas:

Africa: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan (south of 15°N), Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia.
America: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.




Malaria risk, predominantly due to P. falciparum ( which accounts for 90% of malaria cases ), exists throughout the year in the whole country, including Dakar and other urban areas. There is less risk in the Cap Vert vicinity and northern Sahel regions from January through July. Risk is highest in the central and southern areas of this country, but is also increasing in the north due to the construction of dams which afford mosquito breeding sites. Risk is elevated during and immediately after the rainy season (May–October in the south and July–September in the north). Resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine reported.

There are five common medications for malaria prevention available in Ireland. They are: chloroquine, doxycycline, malarone, mefloquine, paludrine. To determine the appropriate antimalarial, it is advised that the traveller discuss this with a Worldwise Travellers Health Specialist or other Travel Health Professional. None of the medicines are 100% effective against the disease at all times, and each has its own side effects. These need to be discussed with the intending traveller.

Malaria map of Senegal

Yellow Fever Map

                                                                                                                          DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

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