Vaccination and Travel Information for Trinidad and Tobago

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

 Information current as at:  February 2009 by The D2 Medical centre No1 Fitzwilliam Street Upper Dublin 2 ph 6314500. The experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2.


Climate: The tropical climate is tempered by northeast trade winds. The dry season is November through until May, but it is hottest between June and October. The climate in Tobago is pleasant most of the year and although May, June and July can be wet at times, the differentiation between the wet and dry seasons is less than on Trinidad. Nation temperatures average 30-35°C throughout the year. Humidity is, on average, 60% in January and 75% in July.
Capital City: Port of Spain ( Trinidad ), Scarborough ( Tobago )
Altitude: 10 metres above sea level
Main Cities: La Brea, Moruga, San Fernando (Trinidad) Charlotteville, Plymouth, Speyside (Tobago )
Population: 1,175,523
Land Area (sq km): 5,128
Currency: 1 Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TT$) = 100 cents
Languages: English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese
Religions: Roman Catholic 29.4%, Hindu 23.8%, Anglican 10.9%, Muslim 5.8%, Presbyterian 3.4%, other 26.7% %), Roman Catholic 4%, other, including some spiritual cults 34.7%
Economy: Petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, steel products, fertiliser, sugar, cocoa, coffee, citrus, flowers



The D2 Medical advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

HEPATITIS 'A' Immunisation is strongly recommended but not compulsory.

HEPATITIS ‘B’ Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.


POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.



RABIES Immunisation is neither routinely recommended nor required.
TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not routinely recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt, and this is recommended pre- and post- travel for those going to ‘at risk’ regions.


TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is recommended, particular for all long term travellers to the region.

YELLOW FEVER A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from infected areas.





Malaria is not present in any area of this country.




GENERAL
Medical care is more limited than in Ireland. Emergency medical services are available in Port of Spain and Scarborough. Emergency medical and ambulance services are limited in outlying parishes. Ambulance service is limited both in the quality of emergency care, and in the availability of vehicles in remote parts of the country. A copy of the prescription and a letter from the prescribing physician explaining the need for prescription drugs may facilitate their entry into the country.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit. Check for any exclusions that are part of the policy, and keep in mind that many insurance policies have terrorism exclusion clauses. The D2 Medical recommends that the policy also provide 24-hour access to an assistance centre that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care, and determine if air ambulance services are required.

Yellow Fever Map


                                                                                                                                                                         DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR

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