Vaccination and Travel Information for Yemen

YEMEN

 Information current as at:  February 2009 by the D2 Medical No 1 Fitzwilliam Street upper Dublin 2 Ph 6314500. The experts in travel vaccines Dublin 2.  


Climate: The climate varies according to altitude. The coastal plain is hot and dusty throughout most of the year. The highlands are warm in summer and during winter, from October to March, nights can be very cold in the mountains. Annual rainfall is extremely low and temperatures, particularly in summer, are very high (over 40 °C ). The most pleasant time is from October to April.
Capital City: Sana'a
Altitude: 2230 metres above sea level
Main Cities: Aden, Hodeida
Population: 16,942,230
Land Area (sq km): 527,970
Currency: Yemeni rial (YRl) (new currency)
Languages: Arabic
Religions: Muslim including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi'a), small numbers of Jewish, Christian, and Hindu
Economy: Oil, cotton, coffee, dried and salted fish


The D2 medical centre advises all travellers to be 'up-to-date' for:

CHOLERA Immunisation is neither required nor recommended.
DIPHTHERIA We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

HEPATITIS 'A' Immunisation is strongly recommended but not compulsory.


HEPATITIS 'B' Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be in the area for 1 month or more.
Transmission of Hepatitis B is through sex or contact with contaminated blood, needles and syringes.


POLIO Adults who are travelling to areas where poliomyelitis cases are occurring, or where the contracting the disease is possible, and who have received a primary series with either IPV or OPV should receive another dose of IPV before departure. For adults, available data do not indicate the need for more than a single lifetime booster dose with IPV.


RABIES Immunisation is recommended for travellers who will be living in rural areas for 1 month or more.

TUBERCULOSIS (TB) Immunisation is not compulsory, and is not routinely recommended for adults.
Children should be immunised at any age.
A skin test is available if immune status is in doubt, and this is recommended pre- and post- travel for those going to ‘at risk’ regions.

TETANUS We recommend the initial childhood series of vaccinations in the first five years of life, with booster doses at ages 11 years, 45 years, and 65 years. Travellers are recommended to have the vaccine 10 yearly esp. if travelling to developing countries, or where there may be a risk of contracting the disease.

TYPHOID FEVER Immunisation is recommended.

YELLOW FEVER A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age coming from infected areas.





Malaria risk, predominantly due to P. falciparum, exists throughout the year, but mainly from September through February, in the whole country below 2000 m. There is no risk in Sana’a. Resistance to chloroquine has been reported.

There are five common medications for malaria prevention available in Ireland. They are: chloroquine, doxycycline, malarone, mefloquine, paludrine. To determine the appropriate antimalarial, it is advised that the traveller discuss this with a Worldwise Travellers Health Specialist or other Travel Health Professional. None of the medicines are 100% effective against the disease at all times, and each has its own side effects. These need to be discussed with the intending traveller.

 

General Advice on Mosquito Prevention.
Malaria is transmitted by mosquito bite, so recommend all travellers to the country to:

  • cover exposed skin after dusk when they are at most risk for getting bitten
  • use insect repellent with DEET in it.
  • return before dusk from country areas where malarial mosquitoes are the most active
  • sleep in screened room or use a bed net, remembering to tuck in the edges & spray inside.
  • sleep in air conditioned rooms or rooms with fans. Vapour pads and smoke coils also help. Insect buzzers are useless.

MALARIA MAP




GENERAL
Medical facilities approaching Western standards for quality are present only in the cities of Sana’a and Aden. There is no adequate emergency ambulance service anywhere in Yemen. Not all prescription drugs are available in Yemen, and visitors requiring prescription medications are urged to bring with them a supply of their medications adequate for their visit. Serious medical problems requiring hospitalisation and/or medical evacuation can cost thousands of dollars or more. Adequate health insurance that provides overseas and medical evacuation cover is essential. Doctors and hospitals often expect cash payment for health services. Individual travellers may face difficulties from the local authorities and are encouraged to seek advice from well-established local travel agencies who can provide good local advice and adequate (in some areas, armed) protection to minimise risks. Business visitors should ensure that their hosts are able to look after them.

Care should be taken to avoid minefields left over from Yemen's civil wars. Travelling off well-used tracks without an experienced guide could be extremely hazardous, particularly in parts of the south and the central highlands.

HEALTH, ACCIDENTS AND INSURANCE
Accidents and injuries are the leading cause of death among travellers under the age of 55. Most are caused by motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes; and to a lesser degree, drowning, aircraft crashes, murders, and burns.

Heart attacks cause most fatalities in older travellers, but infections cause only 1% of fatalities in overseas travellers. Generally, infections are the most common cause of travel-related illness.

Travellers are advised to obtain, before departure, travel health insurance with specific overseas coverage. The policy should include a medical evacuation benefit. Check for any exclusions that are part of the policy, and keep in mind that many insurance policies have terrorism exclusion clauses. The D2 Medical recommends that the policy also provide 24-hour access to an assistance centre that can help arrange and monitor delivery of medical care, and determine if air ambulance services are required.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  DR JOHN J RYAN MEDICAL DIRECTOR


You can view a list of all countries by clicking here

Vaccine info for over 180 countries

Going abroad image

Going Abroad?

Make sure to book an appointment with us at least 4 weeks before you travel.

Contact clinic: 01-6314500

Request an appointment Check out our sister site Dublin Health Screening

Created by Flo Web Design. Maintained using Flo CMS